By the beginning of the first century A.D. , boxing had been forbidden and would not be seen again in the sports world until the eighteenth century in Great Britain.
The first recorded English boxing champion was James Figg, who fought in the early part of the 1700s. Figg was followed by Jack Broughton in the mid century. Broughton was considered a master of blocking, parrying, and hitting on the retreat.
In 1743, Broughton created a boxing code of conduct called the London Prize ring rules. (The rules were later revised and became known as the Revised London Prize Ring rules.) When Broughton's patron, the Duke of Cumberland, asked him to teach some of his well-to-do friends to box, Broughton devised special gloves, or mufflers, so that these "gentlemen" would not injure their hands.
The sport was further refined by the establishment of the Queensberry Rules, which were created under the sponsorship of another patron of the sport, John Sholto Douglas, the eighth marquess of Queensberry.
These rules, still in effect today, set round limits, established glove weights, and created fighter classes by weight. They also forbade hits below the belt, to the back of the head, to the neck and to the kidneys.
It is not certain when the punching bag became part of the boxer's training regiment. The United States Office of Patents and Trademarks awarded a patent for the punching bag to Simon D. Kehoe in 1872.
Since that time, others have made improvements to better simulate the human body.
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